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How does the National Education Policy shape employability?

Talent Assessment | 6 Min Read

Assessment and Employability in National Education Policy


While the Indian education system is designed to adequately prepare students for successful careers, only 50% of schools were able to fully implement the standards set by the previous National Education Policy, according to National Assessment and Accreditation Council.

The old policy faced multiple limitations, such as restricted assessment methodology, inadequate resources, and the inability to track students’ progress and performance. The new education policy aims to revamp the Indian education system by introducing several reforms, such as ongoing problem-solving activities and internships, preparing students for the job market.


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The National Education Policy

The new education policy, NEP 2020 is a landmark promising revolutionary changes in the Indian education system. NEP 2020 is focused on students’ skills development, boosting employability, and providing a holistic education considering students’ cognitive, affective, and psychomotor skills.

Therefore, the assessment methods have evolved, advocating continuous and comprehensive evaluation (CCE), including formative and summative learning outcomes assessment.

  • The new age policy encourages student-centric assessment tools, like projects and practical and problem-solving activities. These assessments allow students to showcase their skills instead of relying solely on written tests.
  • The new policy prepares students for employment through internships, vocational training, and mentorship programs that help students gain experience in relevant fields.
  • The NEP encourages collaboration between educational institutions and industry leaders so that students get an insight into how their knowledge can be applied in real life.
  • Students can choose from a combination of any three subjects, including arts, science, and commerce, in secondary school. The NEP also allows for exploring interdisciplinary studies at higher levels.
  • NEP 2020 enables students to pursue multiple learning streams simultaneously. This provides students with greater flexibility in choosing their career paths.

These measures aim to improve the quality of education in India and help students with employment opportunities.


Assessment reforms under NEP 2020

The National Education Policy 2020 introduced the concept of ‘Foundational Literacy and Numeracy’ to replace the current focus on rote learning. This means assessments are now based on students’ understanding of concepts rather than memorizing facts.

Additionally, there is an emphasis on holistic evaluation, which considers aspects such as creative thinking and communication skills. NEP 2020 also mandates that all assessments use a continuous and comprehensive evaluation system that is not limited to end-of-term exams.

The new policy encourages frequent testing, digital assessments, and the use of artificial intelligence to improve learning. These measures ensure timely feedback for students and access to accurate data-driven insights that improve students’ learning process.

According to the NEP 2020, 45% of the school curriculum should be dedicated to practicals and experiential learning, and 10% should be allocated for assessments. The new policy also promotes a grading system instead of marks wherein no student can be declared ‘fail’ in any exam until class 8th.

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Education for employability

The National Education Policy 2020 aims to improve the quality of education and ensure the development of necessary employability skills in students. The introduced assessments are similar to hiring questions in an actual recruitment drive.

The shifting emphasis on learning outcomes instead of marks and grades makes it easier for employers to assess candidates’ true potential. Therefore, the policy helps bridge the gap between academia and industry by introducing more practical components into the curriculum. It encourages students to gain the knowledge and skills required for employment in any field.

The NEP 2020 has also made it easier for students to transition from one course or degree to another, allowing them to acquire multiple skills.

In addition, internships and apprenticeships are prime ways for students to gain real-world experience and pursue their career goals while studying.

To make education more accessible, the government has allocated 99,300 crores INR (1.5% of GDP) for the next five years to implement NEP without challenges. Higher education institutions receive additional funds if they meet certain academic performance, research, and innovation criteria. This structure indicates a strong commitment to making education more accessible, equitable, and employable for all.



The National Education Policy is a significant change for the education system in India. It emphasizes the development of skills and advanced assessment methods to ensure students are adequately prepared for the job market. The policy also offers flexibility, allowing students to pursue their academic and professional interests without being tied to one specific path. Therefore, this new education policy will increase job opportunities for students and help them achieve their career goals.


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What is NEP and its objectives?

When will the New Education Policy 2020 be implemented?

Originally published April 14 2023, Updated April 19 2023

Written by

Vaishali has been working as a content creator at Mercer | Mettl since 2022. Her deep understanding and hands-on experience in curating content for education and B2B companies help her find innovative solutions for key business content requirements. She uses her expertise, creative writing style, and industry knowledge to improve brand communications.

About This Topic

Pre-employment tests, also known as pre-hiring tests, are online and offline assessments to ascertain candidate fitment for a particular job role. The assessments can be conducted to measure a candidate's technical skills, aptitude, personality traits or on-the-job behavior.

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